Archive for July, 2011



The Plot, as defined by Wikipedia, is a literary term defined as the events that make up a story, particularly as they relate to one another in a pattern, in a sequence, through cause and effect, or by coincidence.  One is generally interested in how well this pattern of events accomplishes some artistic or emotional effect.  An intricate, complicated plot is called an imbroglio, but even the simplest statements of plot may include multiple inferences, as in traditional ballads.”

Okay, so now we’ve established a definition, but what does it really mean?

The plot is the story as a whole and it can be  broken down into sections.  Gustav Freytag, (1816 –1895) a German dramatist and novelist, came up with his own idea for  narrative structure.  He called it The Freytag’s pyramid and it consists of five phases.

The first phase is the exposition phase.  Here is where the characters come alive and the readers connect to them by learning about them, how they relate to each  other, their goals, and motives.  Most importantly, the reader connects to the main character, his/her goals, and the outcome if those goals are met, or not met.

The second phase is the rising action phase.  Here is where the character(s) starts on the path to achieve their goal.  This is where the conflict begins to grow, including sub-conflicts, mini plots, which can hinder, help, or both in achieving the main goal.  At the end of this phase, the character should be close to facing their problem/goal leading us up to next step.

The third phase is the climax phase.  Most of us probably already know what the climax is.  It’s that point in the story where the character(s) are close to their goal. The character can begin to see the barriers being removed (or at least easier) and is now ready to engage with the antagonist.  Then, the reader, tossed into the action, gets to see the two (or more) combat.  No clear winner is set, yet, until phase five. Both the protagonist and the antagonist then start to plan on how to win over the other for the next battle.

The fourth phase is the falling action.  I love this phase!  This is where everything goes wrong.  Our main hero makes the wrong the decision or shows flaws in his/her character.  This is where the antagonist gets the upper hand and our hero seems like he/she will never reach that goal.  The reader might even question if the hero really is the hero. However, this phase is also about tying up most of the loose ends so that when the final phase starts, the focus is on the last battle.

The fifth phase is the resolution phase.  Here is where the final conflict happens and one wins.  Which side wins, what lead up to it, why it happens that way, what it means, and what are the long-term effects.

There are other outlines and story structures on the internet.  So find what works for you.  When I looked up plot structures, this really made me think about my own writing and the areas I can go back to and touch up.

So I hope this was helpful and as always, if you have anything you would like to add, make sure to post the comments on my website directly.  This way others can also benefit from your comments.   My website gets over a hundred hits a week (wow, I know right) and most are writers looking for writing tips.

So keep on writing, editing, and reading.

Happy writing…

Shelly Goodman Wright

FB  Writer-Shelly Goodman Wright

FB Writer’s Critique Group



Judges of season seven “The Next Food Network Star” said goodbye to Justin D in this week’s fourth of July showdown.   The judges perplexed by his drastic change in personality felt he was the one to cut this week.   Even Guy, the guest mentor, asked him “which guy are you now?”  Although the judges took into account the food served  and his overall performance in this completion in their decision to cut him, Justin, in my opinion, was trying to please the judges the best way he knew how instead of just being himself.   He lost himself as the stakes got higher.

How many of us writers seek change after query letters go unnoticed?  How many of us get frustrated and seek out agent blogs and publisher blogs to find out what we are doing wrong?  Not to say that is a bad thing.  We should want to learn and fine-tune our skills, as long as we still keep true to why we started writing in the first place.  We get so focused on being published; we lose the passion we started with.

I think Justin lost what he loved in the competition.

So how do we lose our love of writing?  Blogging, reading others blogs, commenting on other’s blogs, marketing our blogs, facebook, myspace, twitter, and the list goes on.  Of course most of this, if not all, is important and helps build our platform—but what is more important?

Did we write today?  1600 words?  1000? 500?

There is also something else to learn from the show in general.  Justin knew his stuff, but he lacked personality.  He was not a strong character and besides the hairdo, it was hard to relate to him or even remember him.

Back to writing:  Are the characters we write strong characters?  Do our readers want to cheer our hero’s to accomplish their goals?  Are our villains hated and despised by the reader?

What reality show do you watch?  Which character do you want to win?  Which character do you want to fail? How can you apply this to your writing?